Raising healthy babies is the desire of all young parents, but stunting has overshadowed their growth. What are the causes of stunted growth in infants?
First of all, maternal adverse factors in early pregnancy and perinatal period.
Early pregnant mothers are infected with rubella, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasma herpes simplex virus and other viruses, which can affect the development of fetal brain, heart and other key organs. In addition, premature birth, low birth weight, birth trauma, traumatic brain injury, perinatal or postnatal ischemia and hypoxia can also damage brain tissue and cause developmental disorders.
The second is the cause of the infant's own disease pku diet.
Phenylketonuria, galactosemia, endocrine diseases and other childhood diseases can also affect intellectual development. There are also congenital hydrocephalus, brain malformations, neural tube insufficiency and other brain tumors, cerebrovascular diseases, congenital brain malformations or genetic syndromes. Chromosomal disorders such as congenital stupidity. Mental illnesses, such as infant autism, childhood schizophrenia, etc., can affect the growth and development of infants.
The third is the environment and nutrition.
First, natural environment factors, then social and family factors such as economy, culture, and family hygiene. Therefore, we should also pay attention to the possible effects of the surrounding living environment on the fetus during pregnancy. Secondly, in the fetal period, the mother is malnourished in the uterus, the baby lacks protein and heat energy after birth, and the lack of trace elements such as iron, zinc, and iodine will affect the development of the child's body and nervous system.
A diet with low phe levels must exclude foods with high phe content. These foods, which include milk, dairy items, meat, fish, chicken, eggs, beans, and nuts, are high in protein. For those with PKU, these foods result in elevated blood phe levels.
Two boys (5.71%) aged 16 and 13 who were among the 35 patients who received a late diagnosis of autism. Although the prevalence appears to be relatively low, the current investigation demonstrates that classical PKU is one of the causes of autism.
A low-protein diet that fully forbids high-protein foods (including meat, eggs, and dairy products) and restricts the use of numerous other items, such potatoes and cereals, is the principal treatment for PKU.
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