Metabolism refers to the many different chemical processes in the body that sustain life and normal function. A metabolic disorder is a disease that affects any aspect of metabolism. As a result, some people may produce too much or too little of the substance to stay healthy.
Metabolism is the term that describes the biochemical processes by which people grow, reproduce, repair damage and respond to their environment. A metabolic disorder is a disease that impairs these processes.
For example, it may affect the availability of enzymes that break down food or cells to produce energy. These diseases include a range of conditions that cause different symptoms and complications in the body.
Metabolism refers to the ongoing biochemical processes that maintain biological functions. This is a balance between two processes:
Catabolism: The breaking down of large molecules into smaller ones to produce energy. For example, the breakdown of carbohydrate molecules into glucose.
Anabolism: consumes energy to build new cells, maintain body tissues, and store energy.
Metabolic disorders occur when abnormal chemical reactions disrupt the body's metabolism. This may affect the body's ability to break down macromolecules for energy, cells to produce energy efficiency, or energy regulation.
Diabetes, for example, interferes with how the body uses or regulates the hormone insulin. Insulin helps glucose enter cells in the body to provide energy. It also allows the body to store glucose in muscle or liver tissue. Because insulin doesn't work properly in people with diabetes, it can lead to an increase in the level of glucose in the blood, which can lead to a range of health problems.
Metabolism is a complex process involving complex processes in tissues and organs. This means that there are many opportunities for things to go wrong, leading to metabolic disease examples. Some reasons are:
Genetics: Genes can affect metabolic processes in a variety of ways. For example, genetic mutations in people with Gaucher disease limit the production of glucocerebrosidase, an enzyme that breaks down fat. This will lead to the accumulation of harmful fat around the body.
Organ Dysfunction: Organs involved in metabolism may not function properly. For example, diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.
Mitochondrial Dysfunction: Mitochondria are the small part of a cell that produces energy. Mutations or environmental triggers in mitochondria or cellular DNA can affect how mitochondria function and how much energy they can produce.
The causes of metabolic disorders are not always clear. Type 1 diabetes, for example, is caused by a false attack by the immune system on the cells of the pancreas. However, medical experts are not sure what causes the immune system problems.
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